What are the Best Volleyball Drills for Beginners?

The beginner drill is analogous to laying a solid foundation for a building. If the foundation is firm, the building ought to stand firm in the long run. Volleyball drills for beginners should be effective in cultivating correct technique, footwork, and timings. However, they should be easy and enjoyable so that the beginner does not get the energy and motivation depleted.

The beginner volleyball drills should essentially encompass around spiking, setting, serving, and passing—the four key strokes of a volleyball game. With that being said, you could also carry out generic drills to hone footwork, timings, and stamina.

The following are eight simple volleyball drills that aim to get the beginners acquainted to the volleyball strokes, together with strengthening their footwork, resilience, reflexes, and timings.

Serve Relay Drill


The objective of this drill is to create agility in the players after serving the ball. It requires them to move in right after they serve the ball instead of lagging and catching the return-play off guard subsequently.


It requires the team members to be split into two proportionate teams and stand on the two sides of the net. The team members should stand on the serving line with appropriate space between each of them.

As the whistle blows, the first member will serve the ball and immediately run to fetch it back to the next member. The member would repeat the same sequence until no one is left in the first team.

If a player fails to serve correctly or throws the ball into the net, he/she would be required to get the ball back and serve again until the ball is served successfully. The total time to do this drill would be recorded, and then the next team will follow to beat this target — the team which takes less team to complete the drill wins.

Spiking Drill


Spiking is the cornerstone of an aggressive game in volleyball. It is not just about hitting the ball with power. An effective spike requires the player to make a well-timed jump and then hit the ball at a height to make a sharp angle. This drill makes the players hone their spiking approach and then enables them to execute correct spikes, coupled with a precise approach.


The players are supposed to make a cue along the ten-foot line. A tosser would be incorporated who would toss the ball at an appropriate for the players. Initially, the players would be required to perform a spike approach, one by one.

The trainer should monitor the approach of the players and get it correct before moving on to executing spike. Once the players are familiarized with the spike approach, they would be required to attempt spiking.

To take this drill a step further, the players would be lined up outside the hitting zone. Upon hearing the whistle, the tosser will toss the ball, and the player will approach it and spike.

Butterfly Drill


This drill has multiple purposes—it teaches the player to initiate and receive a controlled pass, it fosters healthy movement among the players, and it enables the player to strengthen their in-game communication. It puts special emphasis on calling out as it allows the players to stay free from confusion and potential clashes which can arise when the ball is in the air.


The players would be required to move around the court and pass the ball to the target setter. As they move, they would be communicating with their fellow players. Upon releasing the ball, the tosser will have to say “ball-up.” The target setters will be saying out loud “here,” on the other hand.

Net Dig Drill


Throwing the ball right into the net is a common occurrence in the volleyball routine. The players at the net should, however, know how to dig it up. It requires reflexes, focus, and agility to dig the ball that goes into the net and put it back into play. The purpose of this drill is to make the players master of digging the netballs.


The Players would be required to stand along the ten-foot line, and the first player will stay close to the net. The tosser would be necessary to hit the ball right into the night. Next, the first player will follow, stoop, and dig the ball as it settles after striking the net.

The player would get back into the position, and the other ones will take their turns to do the same. To do this effectively, the hands of the player should be lower than the net and should be pointing sideways. This would ease up the process of passing the ball to the setter or another player.

3 and Over


With this drill, the players would be able to set their foot into the basics of carrying out the game and get them acquainted to the 3-hit rule. It includes the passing, setting and spiking the ball, together with staying alert in the game.


The drill starts with the coach faking and aiming at a specific player and then changing the direction of the ball to throw at any random player. The player who would anticipate the ball will call, receive it and then pass it to the setter. The setter would intercept and then toss it up and exclaim “target.” Finally, the hitter would approach and spike it off the net.

The coach should monitor closely, notice the flaws, and rectify them. Additionally, he/she should throw the ball where it would be inevitable for the players to call before returning.

Pepper Drill


A very simple drill that requires two players and a ball to be implemented. By working this drill out, the beginners would be able to nurture control over the ball, precession on passing and quick reflexes on receiving. You could comfortably opt for it in your next session if you are looking for volleyball passing drills for beginners.


To practice this drill, have a partner and stand 3 meters away from him. Direct the ball at your partner and try to hit it as close as it gets. The partner will be required to pass the ball back at you.

You need to reflect the ball off yourself and send it back to him using a suitable volleyball technique—each attempt being more controlled and accurate. Continue the rally until one of you makes the error, and then repeat. The coach needs to observe if the players are using correct volleyball technique to keep the ball in play. The posture needs to be kept a check on as well.

Three-player Drill


One of the key elements for a successful volleyball game is mobility. The Three-player Drill reinforces a rhythmic game by making the players have nimble feet around the court without compromising on the control. The players would be able to pass precisely, followed by vigorous footwork. This drill requires three players to take place.


To successfully perform this drill, have two tossers stand two meters side-by-side. The third player would be the passer, who would stand at the front in a triangle formation.

Now, the tosser will direct the ball at the passer, who, in turn, passes the ball back at that tosser. The passer will then rotate and face the second tosser. The second tosser will perform the same drill. The drill will be carried out for three minutes, and then the roles are switched.

Dead Fish Drill


The purpose of this fun-filled drill is to improve the placement of the service, so the ball skips over the net but stays within limits. This drill works excellent if performed by a group of six; otherwise, it can also be carried out by a large group.


Let the three players spread out on the service line equally. The rest of the three players will go on the other side of the net and lie down on their stomach, pointing towards the first three. The server will begin by serving the ball towards one of the three “Dead Fishes.”

If the ball is intercepted by him/her, the mission would be accomplished, and the server would switch the roles with the Dead Fish; or else, the server would continue hitting until the target is struck successfully.


Even though the above-mentioned drills are targeted to beginners, it is not restricted for them. Even if you are intermediate or a professional level player, it is never late to go back to the drawing board and get around the hiccups.

These easy volleyball drills for beginners would be able to set your foot into the basic game. As you intend to set the bar high, switch to more advanced training.

Not to mention, you could introduce variations in the current drills to make them more challenging. Lastly, have a coach to monitor your progress closely as you engage in the exercises.

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